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Municipal Technical Advisory Service (MTAS)

Damages for Violations

Reference Number: MTAS-1564
Reviewed Date: 12/06/2021

There are a number of remedies available to employees whose Title VII, ADA, GINA and ADEA rights are violated by the employer or by others whom the employer allowed to violate them. Cases under the acts are tried without juries, and judges have much discretion in shaping each remedy to fit the particular situation.

Like Title VII, GINA and the ADEA, the ADA also allows for compensatory and monetary damages, injunctive relief, reinstatement, restraint from further discriminatory conduct and back pay. In addition, with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 a judge may award attorney’s fees to the winner in a Title VII suit. Punitive damages and awards for pain and suffering may also be granted. Punitive damages are not available against federal, state and local government employers.