Failure to Appear for a Traffic Violation
The Tennessee Department of Safety is authorized to suspend the driving privileges of violators who fail to appear in court or satisfy a citation. See, T.C.A. §55-50-502. Occasionally, a defendant will appear in court but neglect to pay fines or costs. This is called “failure to satisfy a citation,” and it should be treated the same as failing to appear in court. Tennessee has an interstate compact with most other states that deals with violators who fail to satisfy citations they receive in a state other than the one in which they live. If an out-of-state resident receives a traffic citation while traveling through Tennessee and fails to satisfy that citation, the Tennessee Department of Safety will notify the other state, and the other state will suspend the driver’s driving privileges. The same holds true for Tennessee residents who fail to satisfy a citation received in another state.
Failure to Appear (FTA) is when a defendant did not appear for court at the designated time and date. Typically, the court will find the defendant guilty of the ordinance violation, by default, due to the failure to appear. The guilty conviction should be timely submitted on the court action report. The default judgment may be appealed to circuit court. The clerk should submit “Failure to Appear (FTA)" on the court action report. Any request for suspension must be submitted to the Department of Safety within six (6) months of the violation date.T.C.A. §55-50-502(a)(1)(I).
Failure to Satisfy (FTS) indicates the defendant did appear in court, but did not do all of the things ordered by the court (such as payment of fines, payment of costs, or completion of a traffic school). Since the defendant was found guilty of the traffic violation, a court action report should be timely submitted to report the conviction. If the defendant fails to pay the citation, the court clerk should indicate on the court action report that the defendant “Failed to Satisfy” (FTS).
Note: Please note that there is pending litigation concerning the State's process for suspending and/or revoking drivers' licenses. These cases concern due process requirements, payment plans, and indigency determinations. The case concerning suspended drivers' licenses is Robinson v. Purkey No. 3:17-cv-0126 (M.D. Tenn., amended complaint filed 12/19/17); class certification 2018 WL 2862772 (June 11, 2018). The case concerning revoked drivers' licenses was decided by the federal district court on July 2, 2018 and is cited as Thomas v. Haslam, No. 3:17-cv-00005, (M.D Tenn., filed 1/4/17), 2018 WL 3301648 (July 2, 2018).