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Unauthorized Raises
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/20/2002; Reviewed: May 11, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether the Board has to honor unauthorized raises.
Uncompensated Public Officials' Personal Information Not Protected Per Tennessee State Law
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/17/2019; Reviewed: April 21, 2021 )

If council members are uncompensated, they cannot be considered "public employees" whose information is protected pursuant to Tenn. Code Ann. Section 10-7-504(f). Hodge, the Tennessee Open Records Counsel at the time of this letter, also offers suggestions for improved processes in filling the request in question.
Unconstitutional Requirements of Candidacy
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/19/2000; Reviewed: May 8, 2017 )

MTAS was asked what a city should do when a candidate for public office is in arrears for payment of taxes.
Unconstitutional Since 1953 to Incorporate Municipalities by Private Act
Legal Opinion (Created: 01/10/1996; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

The General Assembly is required by general law to provide the exclusive methods by which municipalities may be created, merged, consolidated, dissolved, and their boundaries altered.
Unemployment Insurance for Volunteer Firefighters
General (Created: 07/23/2012; Reviewed: May 24, 2017 )

MTAS was asked if the city must pay unemployment insurance on its volunteer firefighters.
Unemployment on Temporary Workers
General (Created: 07/16/2012; Reviewed: January 3, 2017 )

MTAS was asked about temporary city employees filing and receiving unemployment from a city that is an Unemployment Reimbursing Employer.
Unified Communications Agreement Addendum
General (Created: 10/01/2008; Reviewed: November 7, 2016 )

An agreement for emergency communications services exists between Hamilton County Emergency Communications District, Hamilton County, Chattanooga, East Ridge, Collegedale, Red Bank, and Signal Mountain. This addendum is to apply a cost adjustment plan.
Uniforms, Safety, and Public Image
General (Created: 10/14/1999; Reviewed: October 27, 2016 )

The City of Athens may provide and require certain uniforms, footwear, and equipment designed to promote safety and to protect employees as well as convey the proper image to the public.
Unpaid Military Leave and 401K Contributions: an MTAS Survey
Survey (Created: 02/22/2008; Reviewed: May 15, 2017 )

Twelve cities were asked whether they pay 401K contributions for personnel on unpaid military leave.
Updating Personnel Safety and Health Issues in the Municipal Code
Legal Opinion (Created: 11/17/2008; Reviewed: January 3, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether certain ordinances contained in municipal code that address personnel safety and health issues are required to be in the municipal code.
Urban Forester
Job Description (Created: 06/24/2010; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

Job description for the position of Urban Forester.
Urban Forestry Workshop Course Material
General (Created: 08/21/2007; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

A course manual, lesson plan, and PowerPoint presentation on urban forestry.
Use of 12 Hour Shifts in Selected Cities
Survey (Created: 12/10/2019; Reviewed: May 14, 2020 )

A survey regarding the use of 12 hour shifts in selected cities.
Use of a Committee System
General (Created: 08/07/2008; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

MTAS was asked to review and make recommendations on operating with committees.
Use of Adequate Facilities Tax Revenues
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/18/2002; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS was asked whether Adequate Facilities Tax Revenues can be used to pay indebtedness for past sewer projects.
Use of Beer License By a Person Other Than the License Holder
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/16/2002; Reviewed: June 19, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether the owner of an establishment can sell beer under a beer permit held by the previous owner of the establishment who will continue to be an employee of the establishment.
Use of Brass Knuckles
General (Created: 09/16/1997; Reviewed: June 21, 2017 )

Brass knuckles, slap jacks, black jacks, and other weapons weighted with leads are too dangerous to use in a non-deadly force situation.
Use of Camcorders/Video Cameras in City Council Meetings
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/22/2002; Reviewed: March 22, 2010 )

MTAS was asked whether the City Council may ban, by ordinance, the public from bringing video cameras into and videoing city council meetings.
Use of City Funds to Advocate for an Outcome in a Referendum on Metropolitan Government
General (Created: 08/29/2014; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

MTAS was asked how city funds can and can't be used for a metro committee and a future metro vote.
Use of City Vehicles
General (Created: 05/29/2008; Reviewed: January 3, 2017 )

An example of an amendment to the personnel policies to include the use of city vehicles.
Use of County Law Enforcement Services in the Absence of a Municipal Police Force
General (Created: 01/04/2017; Reviewed: May 31, 2017 )

MTAS was asked about using county law enforcement services within the corporate limits of the town in the absence of a municipal police force.
Use of Financial Advisers in Selected Tennessee Cities
Survey (Created: 07/01/2017; Reviewed: May 14, 2020 )

Five Tennessee cities participated in a survey regarding whether or not they use a financial advisor.
Use of Funds from Increased Garbage Collection Fees
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/17/2002; Reviewed: March 20, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can increase its monthly garbage collection fees and use the increase for purposes other than garbage collection.
Use of Hydrogen Peroxide for Coronavirus Disinfection
General (Created: 04/22/2020; Reviewed: May 14, 2020 )

MTAS received an inquiry about the use of hydrogen peroxide as a disinfecting agent for the coronavirus as an option to bleach because of bleach’s corrosive potential and irritating odor. MTAS researched this question and provides the following information. MTAS does not recommend or endorse any product, and the products mentioned here are for illustration only. MTAS recommends that municipalities do their own research and select products and procedures that meet local needs.
Use of Inmate Labor and Responsibility for Medical Expenses
General (Created: 02/19/2014; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

MTAS was asked about immunity for the municipality with regard to any injuries sustained by a county inmate while on work detail for the city.
Use of Municipal Property as Community Garden in the city of Harrogate, Tennessee
Form (Created: 02/14/2020; Reviewed: April 20, 2021 )

Forms related to the operation of a community garden on municipal property in the City of Harrogate, Tennessee. Includes resolution to adopt rules and regulations for the community garden, the garden rules and regulations, and a community garden waiver, release and hold harmless agreement.
Use of PPE and Its Effectiveness
General (Created: 03/22/2020; Reviewed: May 18, 2020 )

In a conversation with Dr. Joe Holley, medical director for the Tennessee Department of EMS, Dr. Holley advised that if full universal precautions and PPE are used (exam gloves, gown, N95 mask, and face protection from splash or droplets), and the patient is positive for COVID-19, the universal precautions should be sufficient to protect the wearer, and the patient contact in full PPE would not classify as an exposure to COVID-19/coronavirus. Proper disposal of the used PPE and decon of any equipment used, and the ambulance if the patient is transported, is required.
Use of Profits from Vending Machines in Municipal Buildings
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/05/1990; Reviewed: August 17, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether revenues from vending machines in public facilities in local governmental entities are "public funds."
Use of the City Drug Fund
Legal Opinion (Created: 01/25/1993; Reviewed: June 21, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can use the drug fund to pay the salary of an officer assigned to the judicial task force, and can it use the drug fund to pay the overtime pay of the police officer who cares for the "drug dog."
Use of the Semi-Colon under the Rules of Statutory Construction
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/16/2005; Reviewed: October 4, 2017 )

MTAS was asked to interpret a provision of the charter that turned on the use of semi-colons.
Use of Translators in Selected Tennessee Cities
Survey (Created: 12/10/2019; Reviewed: May 14, 2020 )

A survey of selected cities regarding the use of translators and the offering of translation services.
Use of Vehicles Owned by the Police Department
General (Created: 01/10/2002; Reviewed: June 21, 2017 )

Establishing policy and procedure for the most efficient use of motor vehicles of the police department.
Using a Utility Service Applicant's Credit Report to Determine Amount of Utility Deposit
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/27/2006; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can use a utility service applicant's credit report as a basis for determining the size of the applicant's utility deposit.
Using City Hall to Solicit Charitable Contributions
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/26/2009; Reviewed: May 23, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether the city could allow the city hall to be used as collection point for solicitations by various private groups.
Using County's Bid Prices in City
General (Created: 05/13/2005; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

Letter on legality and procedure to use County's bid asphalt unit prices to buy asphalt for small projects in Parsons.
Using Inmates and Probationers for Public Service Work Projects
General (Created: 02/17/2016; Reviewed: June 30, 2017 )

Loss control guidelines provided by the Tennessee Municipal League Risk Management Pool
Using Sick Leave to Supplement Workers' Compensation Benefits
General (Created: 07/13/2012; Reviewed: January 3, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether employees may use sick leave to supplement workers' compensation benefits.
Using Special Assessments for Sidewalk Construction
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/10/1996; Reviewed: July 25, 2017 )

MTAS was asked whether special assessments can be used for sidewalk construction.
Using Tax Increment Financing in Tennessee
(Created: 01/05/2012; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

This study includes the history, background, explanation, advantages and disadvantages used to support economic and industrial development, and alternatives to using TIFs in Tennessee; two case studies are included.
Utilities and Public Works, Director
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

Job description for the position of Director of Utilities and Public Works.
Utilities Crew Chief
Job Description (Created: 08/18/2003; Reviewed: May 4, 2017 )

A job description for the position of Utilities Crew Chief for the city of Dandridge.
Utilities Must Charge Reasonable Rates
Legal Opinion (Created: 01/04/1999; Reviewed: December 5, 2016 )

MTAS was asked for the definition of the term 'reasonable rates' within the meaning of the utility statutes and cases in Tennessee that require utility rates to be reasonable.
Utilities Superintendent
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

Job description for the position of Utilities Superintendent.
Utility Board Manual
General (Created: 11/06/2020; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

The purpose of this manual is to provide cities with a better understanding of funding water and sewer utility operations. Water and sewer operations are often very costly, but they provide a public health service. Also, water and sewer services are necessary if communities are to grow and attract new investment.
Utility Board Residency Requirement
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/28/2011; Reviewed: December 5, 2016 )

MTAS was asked whether the requirement that a person be a resident of the city as a condition of holding a city office is a continuing requirement.
Utility Board Setting Water and Wastewater Rates
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/26/2009; Reviewed: December 5, 2016 )

MTAS was asked whether the utility board has the right to set water and wastewater rates.
Utility Board Setting Water Rates
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/03/2012; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

MTAS was asked whether the city's utility board can be given the authority to set water rates.
Utility Cuts: City Street Repair Policy for the City of Athens
General (Created: 03/05/2001; Reviewed: April 21, 2020 )

The purpose of this procedure is to clearly define the process for receiving utility cut repair requests from the Athens Utilities Board (AUB) and making repairs to such utility cuts on city-maintained streets by the City of Athens Public Works Department.
Utility Extension Policies: Who Pays?
General (Created: 07/24/2006; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

The purpose of this article is to present differing municipal practices of utility extension procedure and funding strictly for undeveloped land within city limits.
Utility Extensions
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/22/1996; Reviewed: December 5, 2016 )

MTAS was asked about the relationship between the governing body and the utility board of the city, whether utility extensions are required to be approved by ordinance, and whether the city is required to approve every contract by ordinance.
Utility Operating with 3 Member Commission
Legal Opinion (Created: 02/12/2003; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

MTAS was asked whether a city may operate a water and sewer utility with a 3 member commission, as opposed to the 5 member commission provided for by Tennessee law.
Utility Rate Breaks for the Elderly
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/01/2002; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

MTAS was asked whether a city can give utility rate reductions or exemptions to the elderly.
Utility Systems and In Lieu of Tax Payments
Report/Study (Created: 02/26/2001; Reviewed: October 26, 2016 )

Report on the authorization of tax equivalency payments for utility systems.

About Our Knowledgebase

Information written by MTAS staff was based on the law at the time and/or a specific sets of facts. The laws referenced may have changed and/or the technical advice provided may not be applicable to your city or circumstances. Always consult with your city attorney or an MTAS consultant before taking any action based on information posted to this website.