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Tax Map and Boundary Issue
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/25/2003; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

An old tax map shows the property is located in the city but the map was changed sometime within the past 10 years to show the property is outside the city line, in the county.
Tax Treatment of Payments by Cities to Employees on Active Duty as a Reservist or Member of the National Guard
General (Created: 01/03/2005; Reviewed: June 3, 2021 )

All pay going to activated municipal employees are wages and subject to all normal taxes.
TCMA Member Forum Discussion on Fiscal Year 2021 Pay Increases
Survey (Created: 06/01/2020; Reviewed: July 26, 2021 )

Twenty Tennessee cities responded to a survey regarding whether or not there would be any pay increases for city employees in FY 2021.
TDOT Contracts
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/06/2001; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS was asked to evaluate a proposed TDOT contract.
TDOT Transition Plan Survey
Survey (Created: 12/01/2017; Reviewed: April 20, 2021 )

Nine Tennessee cities responded to a request for information regarding how they are handling the TDOT ADA Transition Plan.
Temporarily Closing Certain Streets
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/13/1996; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can temporarily close certain streets, one or more of which are state highways, in the downtown area of the city for the purpose of permitting local private groups to hold a festival.
Temporary and Special Beer Permit Ordinances
Ordinance (Created: 07/15/2014; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

MTAS provided several examples of temporary and special beer permit ordinances.
Temporary Appointment of a City Attorney by the Mayor
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/21/1996; Reviewed: July 30, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the mayor can temporarily appoint a city attorney.
Temporary Traffic Control Devices under MUTCD
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/16/2011; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS was asked whether traffic control devices in a construction work zone can be enforced by the city police.
Tennessee City Charter Types - Requirements to Hold Office
Survey (Created: 04/15/2017; Reviewed: June 28, 2021 )

Research done to find out what requirements Tennessee cities have in place to hold office.
Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development: Employer's First Report of Work Injury or Illness
Form (Created: 09/23/2010; Reviewed: January 3, 2017 )

The Workers' Compensation Division has released an updated version of the Tennessee First Report of Work Injury, Form C20.
Tennessee Department of Transportation ADA Compliance Toolkit
General (Created: 03/20/2019; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

A toolkit of materials for municipalities to complete a ADA transition plan created by the Tennessee Department of Transportation Chief Engineer's Office.The toolkit includes: Presentation titled "ADA Compliance for Municipalities" (TDOT); Presentation titled "How to Develop an ADA Self-evaluation & Transition Plan" (FHWA); Document titled "ADA Transition Plans: A Guide to Best Management Practices (NCHRP Project # 20-7 (232); and the following selection of forms: action plan, checklist, grievance procedure, public notice, transition plan and more.
Tennessee Fire Department Needs Assessment Survey
Report/Study (Created: 06/30/2014; Reviewed: May 20, 2021 )

This survey's major goal is to identify gaps in Tennessee fire service coverage by comparing departments' personnel, equipment, and facilities against consensus standards, government regulations, and other nationally recognized guidance for effective and efficient firefighting practices.
Tennessee Fire Mortality Study
Report/Study (Created: 07/25/2011; Reviewed: May 23, 2017 )

Historically, Tennessee's fire mortality rate for civilians has been among the highest in the nation. During 2002-2010, the time period for this study, the national fire mortality rate declined, but the rate in Tennessee increased. The purpose of this study is to provide the analytical foundation for an informed plan of action to help reduce and prevent fatalities that occur in residential structures which is the type of incident that accounts for about three-fourths of all civilian fire deaths in the state.
Tennessee Fire Service Emergency Response Plan
General (Created: 05/31/2010; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

The purpose of the plan is to provide local fire chiefs access to large quantities of fire service resources that may be needed in a large fire, disaster, or other major emergency.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2002
Report/Study (Created: 01/01/2003; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

FY2002 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2003
Report/Study (Created: 07/18/2011; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

FY2003 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2004
Report/Study (Created: 01/04/2006; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

FY2004 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2005
Report/Study (Created: 04/24/2006; Reviewed: January 3, 2019 )

FY2005 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2006
Report/Study (Created: 04/12/2007; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

FY2006 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2007
Report/Study (Created: 03/28/2008; Reviewed: September 21, 2017 )

FY2007 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities. For the first time, this FY 2007 report contains trend analysis of several benchmark measures. Per capita average costs of providing police, fire and residential refuse services are presented.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2008
Report/Study (Created: 04/30/2009; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

FY2008 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities. Per capita average costs of providing police, fire and residential refuse services are presented.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2009
Report/Study (Created: 07/19/2010; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

FY2009 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities. Per capita average costs of providing police, fire and residential refuse services are presented.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2010
Report/Study (Created: 07/25/2011; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

FY2010 annual report to compare the relative cost, efficiency and effectiveness of a set of municipal services by using a collaborative approach with the participating cities, and to set standards and identify "best practices" in municipal government for use and comparison by all Tennessee cities. Per capita average costs of providing police, fire and residential refuse services are presented.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2011
Report/Study (Created: 03/05/2012; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2011 annual report, there are a total of seven services measured and analyzed: police, fire, refuse collection and disposal, employment benefits, human resources, financial services, and code enforcement/building inspection/planning and zoning.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2012
Report/Study (Created: 03/13/2013; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2012 annual report, there are a total of nine services measured and analyzed: police, fire, refuse collection and disposal, employment benefits, human resources, financial services, and building code enforcement, property maintenance code enforcement, and planning and zoning.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2013
Report/Study (Created: 03/25/2014; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2013 annual report, there are a total of ten services measured and analyzed: building code enforcement, employment benefits, finance, fire, human resources, parks and recreation, planning and zoning, police, property maintenance code enforcement, and refuse collection, disposal, and recycling.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2014
Report/Study (Created: 04/30/2015; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2014 annual report, there are a total of ten services measured and analyzed: building code enforcement, employment benefits, finance, fire, human resources, parks and recreation, planning and zoning, police, property maintenance code enforcement, and refuse collection, disposal, and recycling.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2015
Report/Study (Created: 04/13/2016; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2015 annual report, there are a total of eleven services measured and analyzed: building code enforcement, employment benefits, finance, fire, human resources, information technology, parks and recreation, planning and zoning, police, property maintenance code enforcement, and refuse collection, disposal, and recycling. This PDF is the latest version available and includes any updated and corrected information.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2016 (Annual Report)
Report/Study (Created: 04/06/2017; Reviewed: June 7, 2017 )

In this FY2016 annual report of the Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project (TMBP), there are a total of eleven services measured and analyzed: building code enforcement, employment benefits, finance, fire, human resources, information technology, parks and recreation, planning and zoning, police, property maintenance code enforcement, and refuse collection, disposal, and recycling. This PDF is the latest version available and includes any updated and corrected information.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2017 (Annual Report)
Report/Study (Created: 05/01/2018; Reviewed: May 1, 2018 )

In this FY2017 annual report of the Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project (TMBP), there are a total of eleven services measured and analyzed: building code enforcement, employment benefits, finance, fire, human resources, information technology, parks and recreation, planning and zoning, police, property maintenance code enforcement, and refuse collection, disposal, and recycling. This PDF is the latest version available and includes any updated and corrected information.
Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project FY2018 Annual Report
General (Created: 05/14/2019; Reviewed: May 14, 2019 )

This is the 17th and final report of the Tennessee Municipal Benchmarking Project. Performance data from participating cities represents fiscal year 2018 (July 1, 2017-June 30, 2018). Cities participating in this data cycle were: Athens, Bartlett, Brentwood, Bristol, Chattanooga, Franklin, Johnson City, Kingsport, Knoxville, Lewisburg, Morristown, and Spring Hill. The report highlights selected benchmarks and compares members on those benchmarks over a three year period.
Tennessee Municipal Police Recruitment and Retention: A Study by the MTAS Research and Information Center for the Tennessee City Management Association
Report/Study (Created: 11/06/2019; Reviewed: May 12, 2021 )

A study conducted by the MTAS Research and Information Center at the request of the Tennessee City Management Association. The purpose of this study is to analyze Tennessee municipalities’ ability to recruit and retain police officers. Many cities in Tennessee have hired and made significant investments in entry level police officers only to see them leave employment in the first three years. This short turnover impacts the cities financially and decreases their ability to maintain adequate staffing in their departments. By analyzing police officer recruitment practices and retention levels, this study can explore the factors affecting police recruitment and retention and offer insights into what works and what does not work when attracting and keeping talented police officers.
Tennessee Municipal Public Health Emergency Closures
General (Created: 03/17/2020; Reviewed: May 10, 2021 )

MTAS has been asked by several city attorneys whether cities have any authority to prohibit mass gatherings and close businesses. This seems to be the question with which all cities are struggling because no statutory or charter authority is directly on point for a pandemic. The options that are being explored by cities are using the charter police powers and/or declarations of emergencies. Cities could potentially use a combination of both authorities.
Tennessee Open Meetings Act Violation
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/24/2020; Reviewed: April 21, 2021 )

MTAS was asked how a governing body can cure a violation or alleged violation of the Tennessee Open Meetings Act (TOMA).
Tennessee Sales and Use Tax: County and City Local Tax Rates (Nov. 2020)
General (Created: 11/01/2020; Reviewed: July 21, 2021 )

Alphabetical list of Tennessee counties and cities with their local sales tax rates from the Tennessee Department of Revenue. Document is dated as "revised November 2020."
Tennessee's REAL ID: Why, Where, When, and How to Get It
General (Created: 04/13/2020; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

An MTAS guide to the REAL ID in Tennessee. On March 26, 2020, President Donald Trump delayed implementation of REAL ID from October 1, 2020 to October 1, 2021.
Term Limits for Mayor and Council in Selected Cities in Tennessee and Outside Tennessee (updated 2019)
Survey (Created: 10/16/2019; Reviewed: July 19, 2021 )

Fifteen cities across Tennessee and the United States were surveyed to find out if there are term limits for the mayor and city council members.
Terminating and Rehiring a City Manager during a Board of Commissioners Meeting
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/09/2014; Reviewed: July 23, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about firing and rehiring a city manager at the board of commissioners meeting and whether the city manager now has a three-month or 12-month contract.
Terminating Employees and Rehiring Them at a Lower Wage
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/16/2010; Reviewed: July 15, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can terminate its dispatchers (who do not handle E-911 calls, but 'local calls') and rehire dispatchers at a lower wage rate.
Terminating the Utility Board Superintendent
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/02/2011; Reviewed: April 26, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the utility board superintendent can be terminated by the city's governing body without financial penalty to the city.
Testing Standards, Salary Survey, and Retirement Insurance
Survey (Created: 02/23/2015; Reviewed: June 3, 2021 )

Thirteen cities were asked how often they offer testing for police and fire personnel; salary ranges for a sustainability coordinator and a stormwater coordinator; eligibility for and benefits of retiree health insurance.
The Affordable Care Act and Part-Time Employees
Survey (Created: 04/01/2017; Reviewed: July 15, 2021 )

The MTAS Research and Information Center conducted a survey of Tennessee cities to find out which ones are subject to the Affordable Care Act regulations and what employee benefits are covered.
The Powers and Functions of the Local Planning Commission in Tennessee
Report/Study (Created: 03/22/2019; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

A paper prepared for the citizen planning commission member to be used as a general guide in the performance of his/her duties. The original draft of this report was published in 1985 and then updates were published in 2005 and 2013.
Third Needs Assessment of the U.S. Fire Service: Tennessee
Report/Study (Created: 10/30/2011; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

This assessment was conducted in 2010 and includes comparisons to the 2001 and 2005 needs assessment surveys. The complete assessment and a fact sheet are also included.
Thirty Ways to Leave Incivility Behind and to Improve Governing Body Discussion
General (Created: 09/16/2008; Reviewed: July 19, 2021 )

This document has been included in the Elected Officials Academy section on City Council at Work.
Threats and Violence Policy : Sample
General (Created: 01/11/2002; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

Sample of a policy related to threats and violence.
Three Star Fire Department: Revised SOGs April 2007
Report/Study (Created: 04/30/2007; Reviewed: May 21, 2021 )

The intent of this Standard Operating Guidelines and Training Manual is to provide an administrative, operational, and training framework to better manage emergency response personnel.
Ticket Splitting
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/17/2014; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS consultants advise cities to avoid ticket splitting and instead instruct officers to issue a single citation with multiple charges relating to one event.
Time Limit for Dumpster on Residential Property
Ordinance (Created: 10/05/2017; Reviewed: May 28, 2021 )

An ordinance of the Town of Bulls Gap, Tennessee adding a new section to Title 13 of the Bulls Gap Municipal Code limiting the time a dumpster can be kept on residential property.
Title VI Compliance Manual
General (Created: 01/23/2002; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

A policy to put city into compliance with Title VI and TEMA requirements, so that it would be eligible for financial assistance, in the event of a disaster.
Tobacco-Free Workplace Survey
Survey (Created: 01/11/2017; Reviewed: May 12, 2021 )

Seventeen cities were asked whether their organization is tobacco-free, whether there is a health-care premium surcharge for employees who use tobacco products, and what tobacco cessation programs or support the city offers.
Tort Liability at Railroad Crossing Improvements
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/24/2009; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about relief from tort liability at railroad crossing improvements made with federal funds.
TOSHA Fire Service Inspection Checklist
Form (Created: 01/23/2012; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

The Tennessee Occupational Safety and Health Administration (TOSHA) uses this checklist from South Carolina OSHA, when inspecting Tennessee fire departments.
Towing Regulations
Legal Opinion (Created: 11/20/2001; Reviewed: July 7, 2021 )

Municipalities may still regulate the price for non-consensual tows, but all other business regulation of towing businesses is not allowed.
Town Center Manager
Job Description (Created: 09/25/2002; Reviewed: July 12, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Town Center Manager.
Town of Baxter, Tennessee 2005-2006 Budget Goal Setting Session
Report/Study (Created: 05/11/2005; Reviewed: July 26, 2021 )

The purpose of this session was to prioritize key issues confronting the Town's 2005-2006 budget.
Town of Erwin Job Description Director of Public Works
Job Description (Created: 04/23/2019; Reviewed: May 26, 2021 )

A job description written for the Town of Erwin's Director of Public Works. Under the general direction of the Town Administrator, this is responsible technical and supervisory work in planning, organizing and directing the overall work and activities of the streets, right of way, sanitation, storm sewer, parks and recreation, and fleet maintenance functions.
Town of Erwin Job Description Parks and Recreation Supervisor
Job Description (Created: 04/23/2019; Reviewed: July 12, 2021 )

A job description written for the Town of Erwin's Director of Parks and Recreation Supervisor. This employee is responsible for the maintenance of municipal parks. At times the position is reassigned by the Public Works Director to alternate responsibilities, including assistance with street repair and maintenance. The employee is given general instructions for the completion of work, and independent judgement may occasionally be required to complete tasks. The employee trains and supervises the work of subordinate personnel.
Town of Erwin parks and recreation works laborer and equipment operator job description
Job Description (Created: 03/09/2018; Reviewed: July 12, 2021 )

A sample job description from the Town of Erwin, Tennessee for a parks and recreation laborer and equipment operator.
Town of Erwin Public Works Laborer and Equipment Operator Job Description
Job Description (Created: 03/09/2018; Reviewed: May 15, 2020 )

A sample job description from the Town of Erwin, Tennessee for a public works laborer and equipment operator.
Town of Greeneville Organizational Structure Study
Report/Study (Created: 11/30/2005; Reviewed: July 16, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to evaluate the organizational structure, roles, and responsibilities for the departments of engineering, environment, public works, building codes, and planning.
Town of Mount Carmel Certified Municipal Finance Officer Job Description
Job Description (Created: 06/02/2020; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Certified Municipal Finance Officer for the Town of Mount Carmel, Tennessee.
Town of New Market Policy on the Use of Fuel Cards
General (Created: 07/19/2017; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

This policy is established in order to provide direction on fuel expenses incurred by Town employees on Town business.
Town of Petersburg Recreation Commission By-Laws
General (Created: 09/15/2006; Reviewed: July 12, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to assist with creating bylaws for the recreation commission.
Tracking Municipal Vehicles Survey
Survey (Created: 03/26/2015; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS asked thirteen cities about the technology used to track movement of municipal vehicles.
Traffic Calming
General (Created: 05/31/2007; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

MTAS was asked for information on applying traffic calming measures.
Traffic Engineer
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: May 11, 2020 )

Job description for the position of Traffic Engineer.
Training Requirement for Planning Commissioners and Staff
General (Created: 07/24/2014; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

MTAS provided information on the annual training requirement for planning commission members and staff.
Transfer of Beer License
General (Created: 03/19/2004; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about the legality of transferring ownership of a beer license.
Transient Merchants
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/01/1992; Reviewed: June 28, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can charge transient merchants higher taxes than the statute governing transient merchants provides, or impose upon them a stiff permit fee.
Transparency Toolbox: Using a Website to Facilitate Access to Public Information
General (Created: 03/18/2020; Reviewed: April 26, 2021 )

This MTAS City Byte, a short online tutorial, explains the requirements of the Tennessee Public Records and Open Meetings Acts, suggests records to be made available on a city or county website, and includes information on how to provide such information on a website. Sections include: Public Meetings Act, Public Records, Website, Types of Records, and Transferring Documents. (MTAS City Byte series)
Transportation Director
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Transportation Director.
Travel Expenses Paid Directly to Provider
General (Created: 02/15/2005; Reviewed: July 15, 2021 )

Municipalities may pay directly for travel expenses, provided payment is made directly to the provider and not to the official or employee
Tree on City Street Right of Way
General (Created: 07/03/2003; Reviewed: July 12, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the town should cut a tree on a city street right of way.
Tri-County Water and Wastewater Treatment Authority
General (Created: 03/08/2004; Reviewed: April 26, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to review Senate Bill 3213/House Bill 3426 creating a Tri-County Regional Utility Authority in Knox, Union, and Grainger Counties .
Truck Driver Operator
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Truck Driver Operator in the Solid Waste Department.
TTY (Text Telephone) Equipment Survey
Survey (Created: 02/20/2017; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

Thirteen cities responded to an MTAS survey about their usage of TTY (Text Telephone) or TDD (Telecommunication Device for the Deaf) equipment.
Tuition Reimbursement Plan
General (Created: 06/10/2003; Reviewed: July 15, 2021 )

A tuition reimbursement plan for the employees of the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government.
Tullahoma Fire Department Standard Operating Procedures 2008
Report/Study (Created: 04/14/2008; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

The purpose of this updated SOP manual is to provide uniform standards for the operations of the Tullahoma Fire Department.
Turnout Gear at Vehicle Crashes
General (Created: 10/30/2003; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

Questions regarding OSHA compliance on personal protective equipment for firefighters and ambulance service employees.
TVA Power Contracts
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/07/1991; Reviewed: April 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to address several issues related to power contracts with TVA.
Types and Staffing of Fire Departments
General (Created: 02/06/2003; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

There are five types of fire departments, which may be staffed in one of three ways.

About Our Knowledgebase

Information written by MTAS staff was based on the law at the time and/or a specific sets of facts. The laws referenced may have changed and/or the technical advice provided may not be applicable to your city or circumstances. Always consult with your city attorney or an MTAS consultant before taking any action based on information posted to this website.