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Labor Relations Manager/EEO Officer
Job Description (Created: 09/20/2005; Reviewed: May 12, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Labor Relations Manager/EEO Officer.
Laboratory Technician
Job Description (Created: 07/10/2003; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Laboratory Technician at a wastewater plant.
Laborer
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Laborer.
Lakeland, Tennessee, Fire Station Location Study
Report/Study (Created: 09/30/2011; Reviewed: July 22, 2021 )

The study's purpose is to answer two questions: 1) Where should Lakeland place its next fire station? and 2) How many fire stations might Lakeland need in the long term?
Land Swap between the City and Owner of Private Property
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/15/2008; Reviewed: July 19, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can enter into a land swap agreement with private parties, and what rules govern such transactions.
Landfill Operator
Job Description (Created: 09/27/2002; Reviewed: May 27, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Landfill Operator.
Landowner's Liability under Tennessee's Natural Flow Rule
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/24/2009; Reviewed: May 7, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether under Tennessee's natural flow rule, a landowner is liable for flooding caused by vegetative growth in a watercourse that crosses his land.
Landscape Architect
Job Description (Created: 04/15/1970; Reviewed: June 21, 2021 )

Job descriptions for Landscape Architect, Associate Landscape Architect, Senior Landscape Architect, Supervising Landscape Architect.
Landscape Architect/Project Coordinator
Job Description (Created: 02/01/2000; Reviewed: June 21, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Landscape Architect / Project Coordinator.
Landscape Ordinance Manual
Ordinance (Created: 07/01/2005; Reviewed: April 28, 2021 )

The purpose and intent of this manual are the following: to promote the scenic quality of the community; to improve the appearance of parking areas and property abutting public rights of way; to protect property values; to reduce stormwater runoff and improve water quality; to provide transition between incompatible land uses; and to provide relief from traffic, noise, heat, glare, dust, and debris.
Landscape Planner / Horticulturist
Job Description (Created: 06/24/2010; Reviewed: June 21, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Landscape Planner / Horticulturist.
Landscape Technician
Job Description (Created: 10/01/2000; Reviewed: June 21, 2021 )

Job description for the position of Landscape Technician.
Lateral Transfer Survey Results
Survey (Created: 05/25/2007; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

Thirteen jurisdictions responded to a survey asking whether they have a policy for lateral transfers.
Law Enforcement Off-Duty Employment, or Moonlighting
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/26/2011; Reviewed: May 12, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether FLSA applies regarding overtime, what the city's liability is regarding worker's comp, and about general city liability. Includes opinions from TML, DOL, and TAG.
Laws Applying to Municipal-Sponsored Festivals and Fairs
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/18/2008; Reviewed: July 20, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about prohibiting fund-raising activities at the festival, prohibiting the sale of merchandise that does not qualify as arts and crafts, and restricting the kinds of merchandise that property owners abutting the festival sites can sell that compete with the arts and crafts sold at the festival.
Laying a Motion on the Table While a Vote Is Being Taken
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/25/2008; Reviewed: June 9, 2021 )

MTAS was asked several questions pertaining to the effect of the motion adopted by the board of mayor and aldermen to lay a measure on the table.
Learning Projects of Municipal Elected Officials: an Executive Summary
Report/Study (Created: 03/02/2017; Reviewed: July 20, 2021 )

The researcher, supported by the Municipal Technical Advisory Service, interviewed 41 municipal elected officials in East Tennessee to determine what they learned about during CY2015 in order to fulfill their role as a mayor, vice-mayor, or city councilmember/alderman.
Lease Agreement for a City-Owned Building
General (Created: 04/16/2014; Reviewed: July 28, 2021 )

MTAS was asked for a sample lease agreement for a city-owned building that is currently being operated as a senior center.
Lease versus Purchase of Public Facilities: Pros and Cons
General (Created: 10/15/2010; Reviewed: October 7, 2020 )

This article lists the advantages and disadvantages of leasing a public facility.
Leasing a Garbage Truck
General (Created: 01/21/2015; Reviewed: May 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can lease a garbage truck without permission from the Comptroller's office
Leasing City-Owned Facilities for Communications Equipment
Survey (Created: 04/01/2019; Reviewed: May 7, 2021 )

Twenty-one Tennessee officials were surveyed to find whether or not the cities lease space to companies to place communications equipment on public facilities such as water towers or a city owned communication tower.
Leasing of Municipal Cemeteries
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/17/2006; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to analyze the question of whether a city could lease a cemetery to a private business.
Leave Accrual for Exempt and Non-Exempt Employees: an MTAS Survey
Survey (Created: 07/07/2009; Reviewed: July 9, 2021 )

Forty-two cities were asked several questions about annual and sick leave for their exempt and non-exempt employees.
Leave Equivalency Schedules for Employees Working Different Schedules
General (Created: 10/20/2014; Reviewed: July 9, 2021 )

MTAS provided equivalency schedules for employees with different work schedules and total annual hours.
Leave for Training Due to Voluntary Military Promotions
General (Created: 07/24/2012; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether USERRA protects the rights of any American who wishes to serve in the armed forces regardless of voluntary promotions, which may equal more time away from work.
Leave Request Form
Form (Created: 03/10/2003; Reviewed: July 9, 2021 )

The Town of Spencer requested a form for leave requests.
Lebanon Mayoral Powers Under City Charter
General (Created: 11/26/2001; Reviewed: June 11, 2021 )

The City of Lebanon requested an ordinance requiring the Mayor's appointments to require Council approval for dismissal.
Legal Effect of Warning Signs
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/13/2009; Reviewed: October 7, 2020 )

MTAS was asked about the legal effect of "Slow Children Playing" and similar warning signs.
Legal Effect on the City for an Illegally Issued Building or Zoning Permit
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/09/2002; Reviewed: May 7, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city is liable for the cost of moving a mobile home illegally placed in an R-2 zone, but placed there pursuant to a building permit erroneously issued by the building inspector to the owner of the mobile home.
Legal Fees and Court Costs of a City Employee
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/21/2003; Reviewed: May 24, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city can pay the legal fees and court costs of an employee who was placed on pretrial diversion for misuse of city funds.
Legal Requirement for an Architect to Design Public Buildings
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/26/1994; Reviewed: May 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether it is necessary for a licensed architect or engineer to draft the plans for a new fire hall.
Legality of a Business Owner to Put Iron Rods on the Edge of a Highway
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/18/2011; Reviewed: October 7, 2020 )

MTAS was asked whether it is legal for the owner of a certain business to have put several iron rods into the pavement on the edge of a highway, which, presumably, the owner of the business thinks is the eastern limit of that highway, when the right of way is undoubtedly wider than the pavement.
Legality of a Christian Cross Located on Top of a Town Water Tower
Legal Opinion (Created: 11/11/2011; Reviewed: June 25, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether an arrangement, where a local bank leased with the Town for water tower space and placed a Christian cross on top of the tower, is a violation of the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution.
Legality of a Contract
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/27/2011; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether there is an enforceable contract between the city and a certain company under facts related in an opinion to city.
Legality of a Garbage Contract by City with One Company
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/14/1995; Reviewed: June 25, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about the legality of a garbage contract by city with one company.
Legality of a Separation Allowance Made to a Police Officer
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/07/1990; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether it is legal for the board of mayor and aldermen to approve the payment of a "separation allowance" to a police officer.
Legality of City Contracting with Utility District Water System to Collect City's Sewer Charges
Legal Opinion (Created: 12/20/1990; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city and the utility district can contract for the utility district to cut off the water of the city's delinquent sewer customers without the contract also providing for the utility district to handle the city's sewer service billing.
Legality of City in Accepting a Certain Street
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/23/1994; Reviewed: October 7, 2020 )

MTAS was asked whether the city acted legally in accepting a certain street.
Legality of City-County Sales Tax Allocation Agreement
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/13/1992; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to determine whether there is any way for the city to get out of the contract under which the city waived its share of the sales tax to the county for a term ending upon the payment of a 2.4 million bond issue.
Legality of Creating Minority Set-Asides Between Developer and City
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/05/2002; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether an agreement between a city and a developer of a large construction project may specify a percentage of subcontracts on the project to be awarded, or set aside, for minority contractors.
Legality of Fire Department Fees
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/22/2004; Reviewed: July 22, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to research the legality of inspection fees and certain services.
Legality of Open-Ended Sales Tax Sharing Agreement with -- County
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/16/1995; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked the term of the contract between the City and County for the distribution of the city's share of the sales tax.
Legality of Ordinance Changing Staggered Four-Year Term of Office to Non-Staggered Two-Year Term of Office
Legal Opinion (Created: 10/15/2020; Reviewed: July 20, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to give an opinion on the legality of an ordinance which changed the board of mayor and alderman from a staggered four-year term of office to a non-staggered two-year term of office.
Legality of the County Charging a Tipping Fee
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/20/1994; Reviewed: May 28, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether it is illegal "double taxation" for the county to charge a tipping fee.
Legality of Using a Facsimile Signature on a Check
General (Created: 11/16/2011; Reviewed: July 29, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about the legality of using a facsimile signature during the absence of one of the authorized signatures on a check.
Legality of Utility Service Contract Between State and City
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/28/1997; Reviewed: April 23, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the contract between the Tennessee Department of Corrections and the City under which the latter provides the former's prison with water, sewer, and gas services is invalid because the state turned over the operation of the prison to a private company.
Legality of Wrecker Ordinance
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/25/2003; Reviewed: May 4, 2020 )

MTAS was asked to research the legality of a wrecker ordinance.
Legislation Creating MTAS
General (Created: 04/15/1949; Reviewed: July 6, 2016 )

The Municipal Technical Advisory Service (MTAS) was created in 1949 by Public Act of the General Assembly.
Length of Term of Members of the Utility Board Who Are Also Members of the City Council
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/15/2007; Reviewed: April 23, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city council can replace a member of the utility board who was a member of the city council but was not re-elected to office.
Letter of Employment
Form (Created: 10/01/2012; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to develop a letter of employment to give to employees when they are employed. The letter would give the employee basic information about salary, benefits, probationary status and other matters that need to be clear to the employee upon accepting employment with the city.
Levying an Amusement Tax
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/04/1994; Reviewed: April 21, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the Town can levy an amusement tax.
Levying Personal Property Taxes on Privately-Owned Property at the Airport
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/20/1995; Reviewed: July 2, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether a city may assess personal property taxes against property at an airport outside city limits.
Levying Taxes to Fund the Operation of City Schools and the Methods of School Consolidation
Legal Opinion (Created: 05/24/1991; Reviewed: July 20, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the City Council can give the school board the authority to levy taxes to fund the operation of city schools and what the methods of school consolidation are in Tennessee.
Liability and Ownership of Sidewalks
Legal Opinion (Created: 09/03/1998; Reviewed: October 7, 2020 )

MTAS was asked if the city owns the sidewalks and is liable for damages and injuries caused from their disrepair.
Liability for Codes Inspections
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/23/1996; Reviewed: June 18, 2021 )

MTAS received questions regarding the adoption of plumbing codes in a city.
Liability for Private Sprinkler Systems
Legal Opinion (Created: 01/07/2003; Reviewed: May 20, 2021 )

MTAS was asked about potential liability that could be imposed on the Town for certain deficiencies in private sprinkler systems that the Town is thinking of mandating by ordinance.
Liability for Sewer Back-Ups
Legal Opinion (Created: 03/25/2011; Reviewed: April 14, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether a municipality is liable for sewer back-ups that cause damage to private property.
Liability of City Council for Mispaid Salaries
Legal Opinion (Created: 04/12/2004; Reviewed: May 4, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to analyze the question of the liability of the members of the city council for mispaid salaries.
Liability of City for Damages under the Tennessee Governmental Tort Liability Act
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/29/2012; Reviewed: April 15, 2021 )

MTAS was asked what the limits of liability of a municipality under the Tennessee Governmental Tort Liability Act (TGTLA) are, where the city has insurance in excess of the limits of that Act.
Liability Questions
Legal Opinion (Created: 06/06/2003; Reviewed: July 27, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether the city should maintain a drainage easement on private property, whether the issuance of a building permit somehow obligates the city to the applicant relative to liability, and about the statute of limitations under the TGTLA.
Lien Use and Collection: A Survey Conducted for Chattanooga
Survey (Created: 02/28/2007; Reviewed: July 19, 2021 )

Seven cities were asked about utilizing the lien provision of state law for recovering costs related to slum clearance and for overgrown lot clearance.
Liens for Demolition and Clean Up
Legal Opinion (Created: 07/18/1991; Reviewed: June 21, 2021 )

A clean-up lien that followed behind the first lien would also put the former ahead of mortgagees and any other lien holder.
Liquor by the Drink Petition
Form (Created: 09/16/2010; Reviewed: July 21, 2021 )

Liquor by the drink petitions must include the address of the election commission to which it is addressed.
Liquor sales on Sunday and sales of beer at retail liquor stores
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/08/2018; Reviewed: July 21, 2021 )

MTAS responds to the following questions: At what time can restaurants sell liquor by the drink on Sundays; the time for a retail store to sell off-premises liquor on Sundays; and can a retail liquor store sell beer?
Livingston's Community Visioning Process
Report/Study (Created: 10/19/2012; Reviewed: July 22, 2021 )

MTAS was asked to facilitate a community visioning process for the City of Livingston.
Local Approval of General Laws of Local Application
Legal Opinion (Created: 08/30/2007; Reviewed: June 25, 2021 )

A letter urging compliance with the State Constitution.
Local Government Exemption Authorization
Form (Created: 09/13/2010; Reviewed: May 28, 2021 )

A form for the city to provide notice to the Dept. of Commerce that it has adopted and is enforcing a particular code or the code outlined in an adopting ordinance or resolution.
Local Option Sales Tax Revenue Sharing Agreements
General (Created: 04/04/2014; Reviewed: July 21, 2021 )

MTAS was asked for some examples of local option sales tax revenue sharing agreements.
Local Preference in Purchasing Policy
General (Created: 01/26/2015; Reviewed: July 28, 2021 )

MTAS was asked whether a city may include a five percent bonus for local providers/contractors to give a slight advantage to a local provider.
Locating an Interpreter
General (Created: 06/07/2012; Reviewed: June 22, 2021 )

MTAS was asked how to find a Mandarin Chinese interpreter.
Longevity Pay Benefits in Selected Tennessee Cities
Survey (Created: 06/04/2020; Reviewed: May 24, 2021 )

A survey of selected cities regarding whether they offer a longevity pay benefits and details on how that is provided.

About Our Knowledgebase

Information written by MTAS staff was based on the law at the time and/or a specific sets of facts. The laws referenced may have changed and/or the technical advice provided may not be applicable to your city or circumstances. Always consult with your city attorney or an MTAS consultant before taking any action based on information posted to this website.