What can we help you find today?

Imposing New Regulations on the Sale of Beer on Existing Businesses

Print This PagePrint This Page Send by EmailSend by Email
Reviewed Date: June 19, 2017

Original Author: 
Moore, Todd
Date of Material: 
Aug 1, 1995


Subjects:
Alcoholic beverages
Alcoholic beverages--Laws and regulations
Beer
Beer--Laws and regulations
Businesses--Laws and regulations

Imposing New Regulations on the Sale of Beer on Existing Businesses

Summary: 
MTAS was asked whether the city could impose new regulations on the sale of beer on existing businesses, specifically, prohibiting the sale of beer at drive-in windows.

Knowledgebase-Imposing New Regulations on the Sale of Beer on Existing Businesses

August 1, 1995

You asked whether the city could impose new regulations on the sale of beer on existing businesses. Specifically, the city has passed an ordinance prohibiting the sale of beer at drive-in windows. As we discussed, it is my opinion that this is a reasonable regulation and is enforceable against existing permit holders.

Tennessee Code Annotated § 57-5-106(a) regarding the power of cities to pass ordinances governing the issuance and revocation of the sale of beer within their limits provides in part as follows: "cities, towns and Class B counties may impose additional restrictions, fixing zones and territories and provide hours of opening and closing and such other rules and regulations as will promote public health, morals and safety as they may by ordinance provide." (emphasis mine). The Tennessee Supreme Court has stated that the only limitation upon this power is that the board must act in good faith and not in a discriminatory manner. Goodlettsville Beer Board v. Brass A Saloon, 710 S.W.2d 33 (Tenn. 1986); See alsoBarnes v. Dayton, 216 Tenn. 400, 392 S.W.2d 813 (1965); Thompson v. Harriman, 568 S.W.2d 92 (Tenn. 1978); Watkins v. Naifeh, 635 S.W.2d 104 (Tenn. 1982). Also, if as a result of the ordinance, an establishment would be forced to discontinue operation, there is a greater chance that such ordinance would be held to be discriminatory.

The regulation in question has to bear a reasonable relationship to the public health, morals, and safety of the people of the city. SeePantry, Inc. v. City of Pigeon Forge, 681 S.W.2d 13 (Tenn. 1984). Furthermore, the burden is on the party attacking the statute to show that the regulatory measure is not reasonably related to a protectible interest or that it is oppressive in its application. Rivergate Wine and Liquors v. Goodlettsville, 647 S.W.2d 631 (Tenn. 1983). It seems to me that an ordinance prohibiting the sale of beer through a drive-in window would be easily defensible on public safety grounds. It is arguable that it is more difficult to enforce the illegal sale to minors and to determine the sobriety of the person purchasing the beer and it encourages the consumption of beer while operating a motor vehicle.

I was unable to find any cases where this specific issue was addressed. However, the statute provides clear regulatory authority over the sale of beer, and I think it can be inferred from the caselaw that this authority would apply to existing businesses.

Let me know if I can be of any further assistance. Good luck!

Sincerely,


Todd Moore
MTAS Legal Consultant

TM


About Our Knowledgebase

Information written by MTAS staff was based on the law at the time and/or a specific sets of facts. The laws referenced may have changed and/or the technical advice provided may not be applicable to your city or circumstances. Always consult with your city attorney or an MTAS consultant before taking any action based on information posted to this website.